The positive effects of cannabis on menstrual pain in women

The positive effects of cannabis on menstrual pain in women

Menstrual pain, also known as dysmenorrheic pain, is a common and often burdensome issue that affects many women during their reproductive years. Conventional treatment methods, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and hormonal therapies, are not always effective or well-tolerated. Therefore, there is a growing need for alternative approaches to alleviate menstrual pain.

In recent years, cannabis has drawn the attention of researchers due to its potential therapeutic properties. In particular, the main components of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), have been extensively studied. Studies examined the positive effects of cannabis on menstrual pain and discussed the underlying mechanisms.

The results indicate that cannabis could be a promising option for relieving menstrual pain. THC, the psychoactive component of cannabis, has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects by interacting with the cannabinoid receptors in the central nervous system. This can contribute to the modulation of pain perception and reduce the intensity of menstrual pain.

Furthermore, CBD, a non-psychoactive component of cannabis, possesses anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and anxiolytic properties. It also interacts with cannabinoid receptors and has a synergistic effect with THC. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, CBD can help reduce the inflammatory processes that can accompany menstrual discomfort. The antispasmodic properties can contribute to relieving menstrual cramps, while the anxiolytic properties can help alleviate psychological symptoms such as mood swings and irritability.

Although these results are promising, further clinical studies are needed to determine the optimal dosage, formulation, and long-term effects of cannabis in the treatment of menstrual pain. It is also important to consider the potential risks and side effects of cannabis, particularly in terms of individual tolerability and effects on cognitive function.

Nonetheless, the results provide important insights into the potential of cannabis as an alternative therapeutic option for women suffering from menstrual pain. With further investigations and comprehensive medical supervision, cannabis could potentially become an effective and well-tolerated option for the treatment of menstrual pain in the future, taking into account individual differences and preferences of the patients.

10 signs that your neighbors are cannabis users

10 signs that your neighbors are cannabis users

Amidst the stereotypes, one can find cannabis users todayin all age groups and social classes, despite the ongoing prohibition. But how do you recognize one?Stoner? Are there hidden warning signs and traits that can expose cannabis enthusiasts? Here are ten lighthearted hints that might possibly help identify a cannabis enthusiastto uncover stoners among your neighbors.

1. Noticeable odor: The scent of cannabis lingers in the air.

The first hint is also one of the most obvious ones. Because while many substances are colorless and odorless, that is not the case with cannabis. The most noticeable aspect among cannabis users is the specific smell that accompanies its consumption. Whether it’s a bong, a joint, or a vaporizer, cannabis has a distinct aroma. This smell is so unique that if you’ve never encountered it before, you may not be able to immediately identify it. Therefore, the question arises: How are you actually familiar with this smell if you identify your neighbors as stoners based on the smell of weed?

2. The preference of stoners for the pizza delivery person.

Exhausted, you return home after a long and frustrating day at the office. As you enter the house, you’re annoyed to see that the Mjam delivery person has parked their bike in the staircase. Why should we show understanding if our boss doesn’t show any for us?

As you approach your floor, you already notice that your suspicious neighbors have once again ordered food. How can they even afford it? But that’s not all. You hear voices from their apartment, casually chatting with each other. Someone who orders so frequently must have something to hide. Can it really be that in a free country, everyone can do whatever they want? They must be stoners.

3. Frequent Visitors: Regular Guests in Large Numbers

It’s unfortunate that your alleged stoner neighbors are not unemployed. Otherwise, you could further devalue them. However, over time, you notice that there is almost daily visitation at their place. And even during the workweek? How can someone engage in paid employment and still have an interest in social interaction and interpersonal exchange? In your view, anyone who doesn’t go to work unhappily and return home equally unhappy is not a decent person: they must be stoners!

4. Stoners: A Look at Paranoia

Influenced by your prejudices and fueled by your imagination, your thoughts incessantly revolve around your alleged stoner neighbors. You would like to have evidence. But how do you proceed best? In a moment of complete frustration, the brilliant idea finally strikes you.

Since stoners are allegedly always paranoid, you decide to challenge them a bit in social interactions. Patiently, you lie in wait like a spider, waiting for the opportune moment. When you hear your neighbors leaving the apartment, you quickly put on your shoes to encounter them. Determined, you approach them, trying to come across as a tough proletarian. You shout far too aggressively and loudly, “Hey, what’s up!” Everything good with you guys? However, your stoner neighbors lower their gaze, avoid eye contact, and mumble quietly to themselves. In your prejudices, you continue to feel validated. Ultimately, since they are so paranoid, they must be stoners, according to your assumptions.

5. Way too nice

As you’re riding your bicycle on your way home from work, suddenly it starts raining, and you still have errands to run. In a rush, you enter the entrance area, eager to get everything done quickly. You leave your bike in the stairwell as you hurry to enter your apartment, eager to get out of your wet clothes and take a warm shower. But just as you’re about to head towards the elevator, you hear your neighbors already chatting happily in the stairwell. They are overly friendly towards you, especially your alleged stoner neighbors who spot you. They entangle you in an unnecessarily long conversation, laughing at your jokes, their gazes appearing glassy. As a Hessian, you know that overly friendly people are not common around here – they must be stoners!

6. Reggae and Stoners: A Musical Love for Eternity?

A person’s taste in music can reveal a lot about them. And, of course, your neighbors always have a similar tune playing. You’ve seen it in movies, and even your parents always looked critically at people with long hair and reggae music.

Another clue to support your suspicions is that reggae music always plays at the same time in your neighbors’ place. As soon as the first notes of “Stop That Train” start playing, you think to yourself, “Only unconventional people listen to reggae!” They must be stoners!

7. The Power of Wardrobe: How Clothing Shapes Our Impression

Whether it’s about hemp or jute, stoners love the casual style. Their pants are loose and not as tight-fitting as you prefer. Your carefree neighbors walk around as if they were at a carnival party in Jamaica.

Stoners have perfected the art of layering and wear it all year round, not just in winter. They stack vest upon vest and sloppily pull their hoods down low over their faces. Their relaxed style spoils your mood. You wonder if it’s because of the weed? All these questions occupy your mind as you ponder the world, dressed in leather pants and a dirndl. For you, clothing serves as a means to categorize and evaluate people. Anything else is anarchy! Since your neighbors obviously don’t conform to that norm, they must be stoners, according to your assumption.

8. The Connection Between Stoners and Dreadlocks: Stereotype or Reality?

This prejudice is probably as old as the stereotypes about stoners themselves. In your hometown, people with dreadlocks were derogatorily referred to as “hair pigs.” As a young boy, you already enjoyed gossiping and mocking others. It was better that others were targeted and not you. As long as others were mocked because of their hairstyle, you remained unscathed.

So, during your first encounter with your new neighbors, you already knew that they were not averse to hashish. Why else would someone wear dreadlocks if not as a homage to Bob Marley? Since the debate on cultural appropriation, dreadlocks are not as common anymore. Perhaps they have simply gone out of fashion as well. Nevertheless, some stoners persistently cling to their own stereotype of identity. For you, the dreadlocks of your neighbors are a definite indication. They have unconventional hair, so they must be stoners!

9. Joy and Liveliness: The Magic of Positive Mood

It’s one of those weekday evenings again when your neighbors have visitors. You’re sitting alone in your apartment, and suddenly their laughter seeps through the wall to reach you. It’s contagious and escalates into a full-blown fit of laughter. It sounds entertaining. You briefly entertain the thought of trying out smoking weed as well. But you quickly dismiss those thoughts and instead grab a beer from the fridge. As you sit there, sipping on your beer, you continue to hear their joyful laughter, jokes, and lively conversations in the background. But what are they actually laughing about? You wonder if anyone in our world who laughs can still be in their right mind. You come to the conclusion that they must be stoners.

10. The Preference of Stoners for Stickers: A Colorful Form of Expression

It immediately catches your attention as you leave the house. No wonder, you consider yourself the secret Batman of the residential complex – a vigilant guardian who always keeps a close eye on everything. With keen eyes, you spot a new sticker on your neighbors’ door. To your annoyance, it even carries a message that gets on your nerves: “Save the environment!” it boldly states.

The multitude of environmental stickers and occasional political statements, like the green cannabis leaf, are a source of irritation for you and a clear indication, according to your perspective. In your view, anyone who covers their door with stickers cannot be a decent person. You feel validated in your prejudices. What you suspected from the beginning seems to be proving true: they must be stoners!

This article aims to provide entertainment and highlight stereotypes. It is important to recognize that prejudices are always harmful to society. Therefore, it is best to lead a life where we treat others with respect and tolerance, allowing them to live their own lives. The motto “live and let live” should guide us in this regard.
Sativa vs. Indica: What are the differences?

Sativa vs. Indica: What are the differences?

The distinction between Sativa and Indica cannabis strains is familiar to many people. It is believed that Sativa strains have stimulating effects and are ideal for activities, social interactions, and creative projects. On the other hand, Indica strains are said to have relaxing effects and have a stronger impact on the body, making them better suited for relaxation and sleep at the end of the day. While this distinction is deeply rooted in mainstream cannabis culture, there is actually a lack of scientific evidence to support it.

Research shows that there are many other factors that determine the effects of a cannabis strain, and whether it is classified as Sativa or Indica does not play a significant role in that regard. Therefore, the question arises about what the actual differences between Sativa and Indica are and how they truly affect us. To understand this, it is important to start from the basics.

The Origins of Indica and Sativa: A Historical Perspective

Cannabis has been cultivated for thousands of years. Archaeological evidence shows that both the Chinese and the Japanese were utilizing the cannabis plant as early as the pre-Neolithic period.

However, it was during the Renaissance period that a German botanist named Leonardt Fuchs coined the term “Sativa” to describe domesticated hemp.

Later, in the 18th century, the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus adopted the Latin name “Cannabis Sativa” for hemp in his book “Species Plantarum.” “Sativa” simply means “cultivated” in Latin and refers to the hemp crops grown in Europe and Western Europe, primarily for their fibers and seeds. Approximately 30 years later, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck described another variety of cannabis, which he believed to be a distinct species called Cannabis Indica. “Cannabis Indica” translates to “from India” in Latin and refers to the wild-growing, psychoactive variety of cannabis discovered in India, which was used for the production of hashish.

Due to centuries of geographical separation, these two cannabis populations developed into two distinct cannabis species through natural and artificial selection, resulting in significant differences between them.

However, among botanists, there is still disagreement regarding whether Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica are truly two separate species or if Cannabis Indica is simply a subspecies or variety of Cannabis Sativa. This is a topic that continues to be controversially discussed to this day.

To further complicate matters, in 1924, a third cannabis species called Cannabis Ruderalis was classified by Russian botanist D.E. Janischewsky. “Ruderalis” essentially means “ruderal” or “weedy,” as ruderal plants are the first to grow in areas cleared of other vegetation. Cannabis Ruderalis is a self-flowering cannabis variety that grows wild in Eastern Europe and was first discovered in Siberia.

The current usage of the terms in relation to cannabis

Today, it is known that the term “Sativa” was originally used for hemp, while “Indica” was associated with psychoactive cannabis strains. That means that most of the cannabis strains available today actually descend from the original Cannabis Indica strain, while the plant originally referred to as “Cannabis Sativa” is primarily used for industrial purposes such as hemp fiber extraction, food products, and also for CBD.

Indeed, these terms have evolved in the modern world, and their meanings have shifted over time. Over time, as cannabis consumption increased and cannabis culture spread worldwide, the terms “Sativa” and “Indica” have evolved into a method of categorizing the thousands of cannabis strains available on the market today.

Sativa Today

  • Originally classified as Cannabis Indica ssp. Indica
  • Tall and slender, reaching a height of 5 to 18 feet or more
  • Long and narrow leaves
  • Fewer branches
  • Commonly associated effects: Uplifting, stimulating, “mind high,” supports productivity and creativity.

Indica today

  • Originally classified as Cannabis Indica ssp. afghanica
  • Short and bushy, reaching a height of 2 to 4 feet.
  • Broad leaves
  • The buds are typically wider.
  • More branched
  • Commonly associated effects: Relaxing, calming, pain-relieving, sleep-inducing.

Current Research Findings on Sativa and Indica

While the widespread belief that Sativa and Indica have different inherent characteristics and effects persists, there is no scientific evidence to support this claim. Indeed, it is a myth that is often found in popular literature.

Dr. Ethan Russo, MD, an expert on the human endocannabinoid system, explains, “There are biochemically distinct cannabis varieties, but the distinction between Sativa and Indica, as commonly understood in the lay literature, is total nonsense and meaningless.” Currently, the biochemical content of a cannabis plant cannot be predicted based on its height, branching, or leaf morphology. The degree of hybridization has advanced to a point where only a biochemical test can reveal to a potential consumer or scientist what actually resides within the plant.

In short, the only real difference between Sativa and Indica cannabis plants lies in their appearance and growth patterns. Sativas tend to be tall and slender, while Indicas are short and bushy. Additionally, all known cannabis strains today are hybrids, resulting from various combinations of Sativas and Indicas.

If the classification of Sativa and Indica is not suitable for predicting the effects of a specific cannabis strain on you, what factors come into play?

In reality, three factors are responsible for the effects of cannabis strains: the chemical profile, your individual biology and tolerance, and the method of cannabis consumption.

It is important to note that the chemical profile, including the concentrations of cannabinoids like THC and CBD, as well as other compounds such as terpenes, can influence the effects of a strain. Your individual biology and tolerance also play a role as people can have different responses to cannabis. Lastly, the method of consumption, whether it’s smoking, vaporizing, or consuming edibles, can influence the type and intensity of the effects experienced from cannabis.

Therefore, it is advisable to gather individual experiences and try different strains to determine which ones best suit your personal needs and preferences. An open and receptive approach to the diversity of cannabis strains can help you find the one that best suits you.

The Chemical Composition of Cannabis: A Detailed Look at Its Components

Let’s start with the chemical profile. Cannabis consists of hundreds of chemical compounds that can produce a variety of therapeutic and relaxing effects, which can be experienced through the consumption of specific strains. Cannabinoids play an important role in these effects.

THC (Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the psychoactive cannabinoid that can provide a euphoric feeling to the consumer and alleviate pain and anxiety. However, an excessive amount of THC can cause dizziness and other side effects.

CBD (Cannabidiol) is non-psychoactive, but it can help alleviate anxiety and has antipsychotic and antidepressant effects. Additionally, CBD reduces inflammation and pain.

The ratio of THC and CBD levels within a specific cannabis strain provides us with more insights into the expected effects than the distinction between Sativa and Indica.

In addition to cannabinoids, cannabis also contains aromatic compounds known as terpenes. These terpenes are responsible for giving different cannabis strains their distinct aromas, such as citrus, pine, fuel, and more. The content of terpenes in a strain plays a crucial role in the different effects that are often mistakenly attributed to Sativas and Indicas.

There are claims that Indicas have a calming effect due to their higher CBD content, but that is a myth. In fact, this effect is primarily caused by the terpenes present in the strain.

Dr. Ethan Russo stated in the above interview, “The calming effect of the so-called Indica strains is mistakenly attributed to the CBD content, even though CBD is actually stimulating in low and moderate doses.” The calming effect of most common cannabis strains is rather attributed to the content of myrcene, a monoterpene with a strong sedating couch-lock effect reminiscent of a narcotic. In contrast, a high content of limonene (commonly found in citrus peels) uplifts the mood.

Flavonoids also play a significant role in the aroma, taste, and effects of cannabis strains. While cannabinoids and terpenes have been more extensively researched, approximately 20 different flavonoids have been identified in cannabis, each of which exhibits different medicinal effects. Some flavonoids have anti-inflammatory properties, while others can help alleviate anxiety.

The synergistic effect of various cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other phytochemicals contributes to the unique and diverse subjective and medicinal effects that each individual cannabis strain can offer.

The Diverse Role of Flavonoids in Cannabis Strains

An individual’s biological predisposition and tolerance to cannabis play a significant role in the effects of different strains. Individuals with high tolerance may not feel any effects, while more sensitive users may experience strong effects even with the same strain and dosage.

For this reason, it is important to pay attention to the chemical profile of strains rather than solely focusing on the distinction between Sativa and Indica. Strains with high THC content can indeed cause much stronger psychoactive effects compared to those with low THC content. Strains with high CBD content can indeed help alleviate pain without inducing a “high” sensation. Indeed, the method of cannabis consumption also influences how and how long it affects the body. Smoking or vaporizing cannabis produces a more immediate and faster-acting effect, while oral ingestion takes some time to feel the effects, but the effects can last for a longer duration.

What are Hybrid strains?

In fact, practically all cannabis strains nowadays are hybrids of Sativa and Indica.

The only exception to this are the so-called “landrace” strains or “landraces”. These ancient, unmixed strains possess less diluted DNA and are considered the origins of all modern hybrid strains we know today. Landrace strains include Hindu Kush, Pure Afghan, Acapulco Gold, and Panama Red, which are relatively rare to find nowadays.

Aside from landrace strains, cannabis cultivators have been selectively breeding strains for hundreds of years to achieve new and unique effects and characteristics. Certain strains have been specifically developed for medical purposes, for example. An outstanding example is the Charlotte’s Web strain, which was specifically bred for the treatment of epilepsy.

The Conclusion

The research on the effects of cannabis is still in its early stages. However, previous scientific studies have shown that classifying a cannabis strain as Sativa or Indica has only a limited impact on its effects.

Instead, it is helpful to examine the chemical profile of a strain more closely to learn about its potential effects. Especially when searching for the best strain to alleviate health issues, this becomes of great importance.

Dr. Russo strongly emphasizes that the scientific community, the press, and the public should abandon the Sativa/Indica nomenclature. Instead, accurate biochemical listings of cannabinoid and terpenoid profiles of cannabis strains should be made available for both medical and recreational consumers. This is the minimum requirement demanded by scientific accuracy and public health.

Exquisite Cannabis Butter: Discover the secret recipe for culinary masterpieces

Exquisite Cannabis Butter: Discover the secret recipe for culinary masterpieces

Cannabis butter, also known as cannabutter, serves as the foundation for almost all cannabis recipes. Having knowledge of how to make it ensures that any dishes prepared with it have the potential to create an impressive and intense high.

It should be noted that there are various recipes for making cannabis butter, and the following is just one of many possibilities.

First and foremost, a warning: Cooking with fats and water can be dangerous if done carelessly or without proper preparation. It is strongly recommended to wear long-sleeved clothing and heat-resistant gloves to avoid burns. We do not assume any responsibility for any injuries incurred if these safety precautions are not followed.

It is possible to make cannabis butter from harvested flowers, but many people consider it a waste of high-quality material that can be used for smoking or other purposes. As an alternative, you can use the trimmings and leftovers from your harvest. By doing so, you can create cannabis butter that still has a decent potency without having to use your personal stash of cannabis.

When selecting trimmings and leftovers, it is advisable to use predominantly the leaves. They contain more cannabinoids due to their higher concentration of trichomes compared to branches or stems. However, this does not mean that you should not use stems or branches at all. You can still add them to increase the quantity you are making without causing harm.

Recipe duration:

3 hours to a full day


  • Marijuana
  • Cooking pots
  • Blender
  • Butter
  • Water
  • Stove
  • Wooden cooking spoon
  • 2 sieves (and possibly a cheesecloth, depending on how finely you grind the marijuana)
  • Plastic container

The preparation:

  1. To prepare your marijuana, you should grind it as finely as possible. This increases the surface area, allowing for better reaction when melting the butter. An effective method for this is to use an immersion blender. Within a few minutes, you can process large amounts of trim into a fine paste.

The process of making cannabis butter is based on the fact that the oils in cannabis combine with the oils in butter when heated, allowing the two components to merge together. Therefore, it is extremely important to have the largest possible surface area. A larger surface area means more cannabis oil, which results in higher-quality butter.

  1. Choose a cooking pot that is filled with approximately 1/3 of your finely ground marijuana trim. Use a small pot for a small quantity and a large pot or multiple pots simultaneously for a large quantity. The reason for this will be explained later.
  2. Now, add butter pieces and water to the pot in a ratio of 1:4. That means for every 250g of butter, you add one liter of water (1000ml). Fill the pot to about 2/3 of its capacity.

It is crucial to maintain the specified ratios (1/3 and 2/3) as you will soon be heating the mixture. Once the mixture starts to boil, the fats and oils will bubble and become very hot. If the pot is overcrowded, there is a risk of hot fats and oils splattering, causing burns and creating a mess in your kitchen.

  1. Once your “weed and butter soup” is in the pot, it’s time to heat it up. Here, there are two opposing options that are controversially discussed. You can either bring the water to a rapid boil at high heat or let it simmer slowly at 100 degrees Celsius. While rapid boiling may be faster, there is a risk of losing THC and CBD particles due to accelerated evaporation. Slow cooking takes significantly longer, but you are likely to lose less THC and CBD (for more information on this process and temperatures, you can refer to our article on cannabis vaporization).

Supporters of the rapid method argue that the loss is minimal or non-existent, while those who prefer slow cooking claim the opposite. We recommend experimenting and choosing the method that you believe will yield the best results.

  1. While the mixture is simmering, stir regularly and add fresh water once it has reduced to half of the original amount. How often you need to repeat this process depends on how quickly the mixture reduces.
  2. You’ll know the butter is ready when the liquid has separated, and a layer of oil is floating on the surface. This can take approximately 3 hours up to a full day.
  3. Once this happens, pour the liquid into a container to strain out the infused marijuana. Take the marijuana with gloves and press it over the container, squeezing out any additional oil through another sieve to extract any remaining oil. There will still be a significant amount of oil present in the strained marijuana.

Set the strained marijuana aside if you plan to use it later. It can be used, for example, in salad dressings or spreads, to give other foods an extra kick. It still contains some amount of cannabinoids, so you can definitely use it if you want to make the most out of your cannabis plants.

  1. Now you have a container with a layer of cannabis-infused butter floating on top of a layer of water. Place the container in the refrigerator overnight. This will cause the oil to solidify into cannabis butter.
  2. The next day, carefully remove the layer of cannabis butter from the container. Be careful not to spill the remaining water or let the butter fall back into it to avoid unnecessary mess.
  3. Now that you have your finished cannabis butter, you can store it in the refrigerator. It should be good for approximately 2 weeks before it starts to slowly become rancid. If you want to extend its shelf life, you can also store it in the freezer until you need it. However, keep in mind that you will need to thaw it before using it. Therefore, it is advisable to portion it before freezing, so you don’t have to thaw the entire supply when you only need a small amount.

That’s it! Now you have cannabis butter that can be used as a base for other cannabis recipes or simply as a delicious butter-like spread!

Extra tip: You can enhance the flavor of your cannabis butter to tailor it for various purposes and achieve even more taste. There are countless ways to enhance it with different ingredients, such as fruits, sugar, spices, and herbs, depending on how you plan to use the butter later. Some popular additions for a delicious and savory cannabutter include garlic, thyme, or basil. For a spicy variation, you can add chili powder, pepper, hot sauce, or Asian spice blends. Fruity cannabis butter can be made by adding oranges, lemons, or apples. If you want a sweet butter, you can mix in sugar, cocoa powder, shredded coconut, or crushed candies.

The possibilities are endless, and since you’re making your cannabis butter from parts that would have otherwise ended up in the trash or compost, you have nothing to lose. Don’t hesitate to experiment and create the most delicious butter you can achieve!

Thought Rush: What are stoner thoughts and why do they arise?

Thought Rush: What are stoner thoughts and why do they arise?

There is a wide variety of fascinating experiences that can arise from consuming cannabis. One of the most notable effects lies in the way it influences our thoughts.

The thought world of a stoner – that is, the thoughts we have when we are actively under the influence of cannabis – can surprise us with its impressive changes. At times, they can be amusing or absurd, creative or seemingly brilliant, and sometimes even dark and frightening. Stoner thoughts can inspire us or completely confuse us. Their diversity is unpredictable and individual, as each person experiences them in a unique way. Nevertheless, they can largely be attributed to how THC and other compounds of cannabis influence the brain.

What secret lies behind the altered mindsets we experience during a cannabis high?

When we consume cannabis, our natural endocannabinoid receptors are activated by the diverse cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. This has a variety of effects on our body and mind. A significant effect of THC, the main psychoactive component of cannabis, is an increase in cerebral blood flow in specific brain regions.

In a study, researchers found that after THC consumption, many areas of the brain exhibited increased blood flow. It has been suggested that the changes in behavior and mental state associated with cannabis intoxication may potentially be related to increased cerebral blood flow and enhanced functional activity in certain brain regions.

Previous investigations by the same research team revealed that cerebral blood flow correlates more strongly with cannabis intoxication than the amount of cannabinoids in a person’s bloodstream.

In particular, the frontal brain region exhibited the most significant increase in cerebral blood flow after THC consumption. This region is responsible for essential brain functions. It is commonly believed that the frontal lobe controls our attention, abstract thinking, organizing behavior in relation to future goals, sensory processing, cognitive processes, decision-making, and initiation of motor activities. Given the significant cognitive abilities that the frontal lobe is responsible for, it is not surprising that strengthening this brain region through increased blood flow and associated enhanced functional activity can lead to completely different thoughts.

However, the frontal lobe is not the only area in the brain that contributes to such profound thoughts. The insula, which is involved in the perception of taste and sensory stimuli and mediates stress-related cardiovascular responses, also showed a significant increase in blood flow.

The researchers also found that the right hemisphere, which is associated with the processing of emotions, was significantly more activated than the left hemisphere. It is believed that the cingulate cortex, which also showed a high correlation between the increase in cerebral blood flow and self-reported THC intoxication, regulates the interactions between sensory information, emotions, and pain.

It is important to note that the effects described on cerebral blood flow and thought patterns are temporary and manifest within the acute intoxication state resulting from cannabis consumption. Long-term effects and potential negative alterations in blood flow due to chronic THC consumption require further investigation.

Overall, the changes in mindset during cannabis consumption can be attributed to the complex interaction between cannabinoids in cannabis, the endocannabinoid receptors in the brain, and cerebral blood flow. These effects can lead to a variety of thought patterns, ranging from humorous and creative to dark and frightening. The understanding of these processes is an ongoing area of research and contributes to a better comprehension of the effects of cannabis on human cognitive abilities.

The inspiring thoughts of cannabis users: Who experiences them and for what reasons?

Stoner thoughts can affect individuals who have consumed THC, but they are more likely to occur in some people than in others.

Studies have shown that individuals who have never consumed cannabis before or only do so infrequently tend to have more noticeable or extreme stoner thoughts compared to regular users. There is also the possibility that genetic or context-related factors play a role in influencing the thoughts induced by cannabis.

Dosage also plays a crucial role in determining the extent to which thoughts are altered. A low amount of cannabis can have completely different effects compared to a high amount. In the same mentioned study, participants who experienced a mild THC intoxication reported an increased sense of sociability and heightened relaxation. At higher doses, however, they exhibited less sociable behavior, impaired thinking ability, impaired memory, paranoia, and occasionally hallucinations. This supports the biphasic effect of cannabinoids described by scientists.

What thoughts typically arise in cannabis consumers?

There are a variety of ways in which our thoughts can change when we get high. In a study on the feeling of being high, the following changes were most commonly reported by the participants:

  • Relaxation: One feels more relaxed than usual.
  • Euphoria: One experiences an increased sense of happiness.
  • Increased laughter: One tends to laugh more than usual.
  • Altered sensory perceptions: Sensory experiences are perceived in a different way.
  • Changes in time perception: The sense of time can be altered.
  • Improved concentration and memory performance: The ability to concentrate and memory can be enhanced.
  • Enhanced creativity: Creativity can be heightened.
  • Deep thinking: One tends to contemplate things more deeply.

Additionally, participants who exclusively consumed cannabis reported different effects compared to those who consumed it in a group. Solo consumers reported milder effects, while group consumers experienced greater euphoria, laughter, and alertness.

On the other hand, there were also participants who experienced negative side effects and reported sensations as follows:

  • Paranoia: A feeling of fear or distrust towards others.
  • Anxiety: An intensified feeling of fear.
  • Impaired concentration and memory: Difficulties in focusing and retaining information in memory.
  • Hallucinations or visions: The experience of perceiving things that are not real.

Here are some of the more commonly reported ways in which the thoughts of cannabis users can manifest:

The fascinating world of thoughts while smoking cannabis

One symptom of cannabis consumption is the illusion of having the most brilliant ideas of one’s life, but the next day these ideas may appear less grandiose. While this may be the case for some individuals, others report actually having great ideas during the cannabis high. The science supports the possibility of this experience.

As mentioned earlier, the consumption of cannabis leads to increased blood flow to brain regions associated with various aspects of thinking and decision-making. This increased blood flow typically accompanies enhanced functionality. So, if you’re high, your brain could be brimming with ideas. In fact, over half of consumers report that cannabis enhances their creativity.

Some studies have shown that cannabis can enhance divergent thinking (a form of creative thinking), but these improvements were only observed at low doses. With excessive THC consumption, divergent thinking tends to decrease. This could be the reason why there are such varied reports on whether cannabis aids or hinders our brilliant creative thinking. Therefore, dosage is a crucial factor in any consumption.

Cannabis and the Smile in the Mind: Funny Thoughts and Their Connection

In a state of intoxication, one may find that everything they think about is extremely funny or absurd. The laughter triggered by almost anything is likely due to the increased blood flow to specific brain regions associated with laughter, particularly the right frontal lobe and left temporal lobe. When these regions become overactive, everything seems to be simply amusing.

Additionally, THC can also promote feelings of happiness, relaxation, and bliss, similar to antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications. These positive emotions can make it easier to laugh and enjoy the humor in life.

Dealing with anxiety, paranoia, and intrusive thoughts: Tips and strategies.

While many thoughts while being high can be pleasant or hilarious, there are also some extremely unpleasant ones. Cannabis can lead to anxious, paranoid, and negative thoughts that persistently linger in our minds and are difficult to shake off. People who regularly experience such thoughts typically do not find the state of being high enjoyable.

Cannabis has dual effects. It can induce relaxation, joy, and humor, but unfortunately, it can also lead in the opposite direction. With a high enough dosage, many of the positive effects can be reversed. A low dose can create a sense of happiness, while a high dose of the same substance can flip the switch and induce negative, anxious feelings. Since the ideal dosage varies from person to person, it is recommended to start with a low dose and gradually increase it.

Unexpected psychotic episode: Rare but intense

In rare cases, the consumption of cannabis can also induce temporary psychoses. Individuals who experience this report hallucinations, visions, and illusions. Some may believe they see moving objects or hear voices in indistinct sounds, such as the hum of a fan. However, in most cases, these effects are of short duration and diminish after the intoxication subsides.

Unfortunately, some research findings suggest that heavy consumption of THC-rich cannabis may be associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia, particularly among adolescents and young adults. However, it is important to note that this association is mediated by factors such as family history of mental illness, genetic predisposition, and childhood traumas. Researchers cannot definitively say whether cannabis can trigger long-lasting psychoses in some individuals or if it is merely associated with them due to other factors. Indeed, there are valid reasons for caution, particularly among younger individuals who consume cannabis.

After consuming cannabis: How long does the lingering feeling of being “high” last?

In studies examining the impact of cannabis on cognitive function, most brain regions demonstrated significant changes within 60 minutes of low-dose consumption. In contrast, with higher dosages, changes were observed as early as 30 minutes and continued at 60 minutes, with the peak effect occurring at the 30-minute mark.

It is important to note that the extent of the effects can vary from person to person, and some individuals may require more or less time to feel the “high” sensation. Additionally, the method of consumption can have an impact on the timing as well. For example, smoked or vaporized cannabis, as well as novel fast-acting edibles, tend to have a quicker onset of effects on the body compared to traditional edibles.

How long do the effects of cannabis consumption last?

Stoner thoughts can vary from person to person, but the main factor that influences their duration is the method of consumption.

Compared to other methods like vaporizing or smoking, traditional edible products can have longer-lasting effects. That’s why they also provide a longer duration for stoner thoughts. In most cases, stoner thoughts should subside within a few hours after the peak THC concentrations in the brain have been surpassed. However, it is known that the effects of edible products can last up to 12 hours or even longer.

There are anecdotes on the internet suggesting that effects lasting 24 hours are unusual but can still occur. This is sometimes referred to as a “weed hangover.” While it is uncommon, extended effects can occur, especially in individuals with a unique THC metabolism or after consuming a very high dose. Once the intoxicating effects subside, the intense thoughts should generally fade away as well.

In rare cases, cannabis has been associated with psychosis episodes that can last longer than the intoxication period. However, these episodes tend to diminish when cannabis consumption is discontinued. Unfortunately, there is an increased risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia later in life if such episodes occur. While scientists do not fully understand the exact relationship, caution should be exercised when experiencing such episodes.

There is also a rare and poorly understood phenomenon known as depersonalization, which can occur in some individuals after consuming THC. Any persistent change in emotional state following consumption should be taken seriously, and it is recommended to seek the advice of a psychologist.

Keeping a clear mind: Tips for dealing with negative thoughts while getting high.

While there is no direct control over the direction of thoughts when getting high, there are some strategies to make the experience positive and productive:

1. Consider your mindset and attitude. This often overlooked step can have a significant impact on the state of being high, including the purpose of consumption and the environment you are in.

2. Experiment with the CBD:THC ratio. High-THC cannabis (Type I) is the most common, but it can be challenging to accurately assess the dosage. For individuals who may experience unwanted stoner-like thoughts, it is advisable to try cannabis with a higher CBD content (Type II or Type III), as CBD can influence the effects of THC.

3. Find the right dosage. The optimal dosage of cannabis is individual and depends on factors such as tolerance, age, gender, and unique genetic characteristics. For example, the appropriate dosage for functional pain relief during the day may differ from a relaxing dose before bedtime, such as when practicing Yoga Nidra.

By considering these strategies, you can have more control over your experience when consuming cannabis and potentially achieve a more enjoyable and productive outcome.

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